Apart from the population that is aging, there is a steady transformation towards bioinformatics. This is another trend in nursing whereby there is dependence on bioinformatic due to the changing technology.For instance the use of technology when it comes to recording medical information for accuracy and accessibility. This challenges most of the nurses because some may lack knowledge in technology. Additionally, the shortage of nurses is also a current issue because of lack of degrees and programmes that are advanced. This is an issue as it affects the patient especially when errors are made. The outcomes of the patients have also been affected by the introduction of evidence-based practices in the nursing profession. This encompasses the positive outcomes that promote the sense of ownership by nurses (Linda, Geraldine, & Katherine, 2012).
The paper aims at identifying one current nursing trend or issue that has had an impact on healthcare. The issue I intend to discuss is the implementation of evidence-based practices in the nursing profession. Evidence-based practices have enables the patients to have more positive results when receiving health care.
Background of the current trend or issue
According to Stevens (2013), implementing evidence-based practice (EBP) has had a huge impact on nursing as a profession. EBP has ensured that knowledge is applied in healthcare so that there can be improved outcomes for the patients. EBP is described as the integration of evidence that is dependent on research from the clinical expertise that ensures that the values of the patients are upheld. Through EBP, the preferences of the patients are included in healthcare. The definition of EBP touches on the clinician’s experience so that more knowledge is impacted in healthcare.
The process of EBP entails application of what has been researched in nursing as well as healthcare. This element ensures that advanced forms of evidence are obtained. The healthcare system is able to create new roles as well as teams. Shojania and Grimshaw (2005) affirm that EBP leads to other fields of sciences that help in building more evidenced-practices.
The introduction of EBP into the nursing arena has brought a major shift thus considered as a current trend or issue. The shift was seen in how nurses approach research in a bid to change healthcare in general. They have contributed significantly in discovering new approaches that help in creating positive results for the patients. Nurses have become owners of their individual achievements as they are more involved in implementing, reporting and conducting various aspects in healthcare.
National experts have called for other recommendations that will transform healthcare. Through this, more nurses have directed their efforts towards initiatives that make them more valuable such as engaging in research developing models and theories and adopting various practices.
Impact of EBP
EBP has affected the nursing practice as well as education and research. For successful implementation of EBP, healthcare professionals and nurses need to ensure the adoption of policy makers and providers of individual care. The policy makers include state, federal, local and other regulatory bodies.
After its introduction, nurses have revealed a positive attitude towards EBP because of the desire to acquire more skills and knowledge about healthcare. Nurses have continuously led inter-professional teams so that the systems of delivery may be competent and with EBP, they have been able to change healthcare. The competencies they consider ensure appropriate use of their knowledge in making clinical decisions. Thus research on EBP mainly provides the evidence of various interventions to other providers. The main competencies for professions in healthcare include the following:
- Provision of care that is centered on patients-The differences, needs and preferences of the patients should be identified. This will help the professional to communicate effectively with the patient as well as their families.
- Utilizing interdisciplinary groups-Working in teams is helpful when it comes to integrated care since it ensures continuity and reliability.
- Use of evidence-based practice-The values of the patients should be considered thus use of the appropriate research that can be integrated into practice.
- Use of informatics-This entails using technology to gather information and knowledge.
- Improvement of quality-Medical errors should be noted from time to time so that safety principles become applicable such as simplification and standardization.
EBP has helped in minimizing the issues of safety of the patients. However, there are certain challenges that are experienced when it comes to its implementation into nursing practice. First and foremost, a complex plan for implementation is required before the full adoption of evidence-based practice. Although a policy of agency can be set, sustaining it may bring more challenges.
Recommendations for managing evidence-based practice in nursing
There are various models that were developed earlier when EBP was first introduced. The models were created by nursing scientists so that the different aspects regarding EBP could be understood. Also, the models are crucial in designing the approach towards making decisions when it comes to evidence-based practices. There are forty-seven EBP models that are prominent.
One important aspect is the Ace Star Model of Knowledge Transformation. According to Stevens (2004), the model was established to provide an easier approach for evidence to be translated into practice. This encompasses comprehending how EBP is transformed into nursing.
Nursing practice has continued evolving from time to time. The environment of healthcare has been affected by various factors thus the need for the improvement in practices of healthcare. The trends experienced may be negative or positive or both. The changes are seen in the populations, technologies, shortages of nurses and integration if evidence-based research.